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The different types of surrogacy available

Types of surrogacy are divided depending on whether the surrogate mother uses her own egg, or whether the egg of the intended mother or a donor is used. Therefore, traditional and gestational surrogacy are divided. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate’s egg is fertilized using intrauterine insemination (IUI), which is when sperm are transferred into the uterus through a catheter. Or there may be another form of artificial insemination such as intracervical insemination or intravaginal insemination. But the use of this method is not popular and not recommended due to the fact that there is a genetic connection between the surrogate mother and the child, it causes ethical, psychological and legal difficulties. For example, a surrogate mother may change her mind about giving up the child and the court will satisfy her side despite the signed agreements. So a reasonable alternative is the gestational method. It became possible thanks to the in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure, where fertilization takes place in a laboratory using the eggs and sperm of the intended parents or donors. The resulting embryo is transferred to the uterus of the gestational carrier. And the surrogate mother has no biological connection with the child. From a financial point of view, compensated and sympathetic surrogacy are distinguished. With the compensated type, the surrogate mother receives monetary compensation for participating in the process. And about compassionate surrogate motherhood receives only compensation for reasonable expenses related to pregnancy and childbirth.

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